Samoyeds are lovely dogs that will bring a lot of fun in your life. To get the most out of the breed, however, you have to follow some tips about their training and care.
Samoyeds have 2 layers of coat – fine undercoat to keep them warm and an outer layer of longer hair (coarser than the undercoat) that protects them from bad weather. Since their fur is white in color and very dense, it requires regular care.
- Brushing – they need brushing at least once a week. To preserve your samoyed’s silky hair, brush him regularly with a metal comb or rake (you can use a hair dryer to remove the dirt at the same time). Trimming and shaving is not required, but keep in mind that samoyeds sometimes shed their undercoat (often resulting in bald spots). If this happens to your samoyed, make sure to comb these bald spots thoroughly – this will help the shedding process and help with new hair growth.
- Clipping – Samoyeds have one claw on every paw. It looks like a human’s thumb nail. If you let it grow, it will eventually form a circle and cause pain to your dog. To prevent this from happening, you should check your samoyed’s claws twice a month and clip/file them if they need trimming. Important! Always trim only the tip of the claw and never trim the pink part – it causes the dog both pain and bleeding!
- Bathing – Samoyeds tend to keep themselves relatively clean, so they will need a bath only several times a year. The process, however, may take more than expected as their coat is waterproof to a great extent and it needs more time to get sufficiently wet. Always brush your samoyed before bathing or you risk the forming of knots. After bathing, always carefully dry the dog’s coat (with cool air). If you don’t dry the fur thoroughly, the dampness in the undercoat may cause mats, mildews, odor and even infections.
- Teeth brushing – brushing your samoyed’s teeth 2-3 times a week prevents gum disease and bad breath.
- Puppies – between 4 and 7 months of age samoyed puppies will grow very rapidly. This makes them prone to injury, so their diet should include low-calorie high quality food. Don’t let them play on hard surfaces (grass is the most appropriate playground for them until their joints are fully formed, which happens around their 2nd birthday). Use the precious time when your dog is still a puppy to socialize him – get him familiar with different people, objects, sounds, sights, etc.
- Grown dogs – Samoyeds are a working breed, so they need a lot of space to play. If you let your samoyed become bored, he will find his own ways to entertain himself (by digging, chewing, etc.). Always have in mind that samoyeds have a Nordic heritage, which means they love playing in the snow, but you should be careful when exposing them to hot weather.
Keep in mind that each dog is unique (as each person is unique), so how much your dog eats depends on many factors such as his size, age, activity, etc. What matters here is that quality should prevail over quantity. Always buy quality food if you want to be sure you are providing your dog the needed amount of energy, vitamins, etc.
Samoyed puppies need slow and steady growth. A 2-3 months old samoyed puppy needs about half a cup of kibble (mixed with warm water) three times a day. After the age of 3 months, you can cut the meals from 3 to 2 a day and use dry kibble. As time goes by, the samoyed may increase his appetite, but keep in mind that it is always better to keep him slightly underweight than overweight at this early stage. After the age of 1 year it is always a better idea to feed your samoyed twice a day rather than leaving his cup full at all times.
It is very important that you show your samoyed you are the pack leader at the earliest possible stage (while he is still a puppy). Even though he is a puppy, do not underestimate his intelligence. Adding the fact that samoyeds usually have a mind of their own, training a samoyed puppy can sometimes be a challenge. This means that in order to be successful at training your samoyed, you have to be consistent, firm, and loving at the same time.
- Walks – when you walk through doors with your samoyed puppy, you should always be the first one to walk through the door. During walks you should use a short leash as the samoyed’s chasing instincts are very strong and this may result in unpleasant situations such as your samoyed chasing a child on a bike or a cat for example.
- Feeding – teach your samoyed puppy to always wait for your signal before he starts eating.
- Commands and praise – verbal commands should be given with an enthusiastic, positive tone. Samoyeds are very positive dogs who crave for your attention, so you shouldn’t save your verbal praises if they perform a task correctly.
- Correction – when you teach your Samoyed correction commands such as “no” or “enough”, they should be said with a firm, low tone. It is very important for your samoyed to understand the difference in tone when you praise/reproach him.
If you follow these simple tips, this will guarantee you a happy and healthy samoyed that will return your kindness with a lot of devotion and unconditional love.