Samoyed (Самоедская собака)
Samoyeds are amongst the fourteen most ancient dog breeds in the world – there’s evidence about training them and breeding them from about 3000 years ago. Their name (in Russian: Самоедская собака) comes from the Samoyedic peoples of Siberia. These nomadic tribes used the Samoyeds for herding, pulling sleds, and hunting. They treated their dogs with a lot of love and respect, letting them sleep in their chooms (tents). That’s understandable, given the fact that in the tough Siberian circumstances, these dogs were of invaluable help to people, helping them survive. Highly adaptable, the Samoyed dogs required a very close relationship with their masters. The big responsibility they had for the sled as lead dogs made them highly independent, while living together with their masters made them gentle, social, and friendly.
These cute white fluffy balls are relatively big dogs. The males usually weigh between 23-30 kg, while the females weigh between 17-25 kg. Their lips are black and their almond eyes are usually black or brown. Their most distinctive feature is their tail. It is long and densely coated with fur, usually curled over their back (especially when they are alert). Samoyeds have dense weather resistant fur that has 2 layers – the outer being long and coarser, while the undercoat is softer and shorter (its main purpose is to keep them warm).
As a whole, Samoyeds are gentle, social, peaceful, and responsible dogs. They get along with children very well. Their friendliness makes them poor guards, but their barking makes them fine watch dogs alerting any time somebody approaches their territory. They are patient, very smart, ingenious, but rather willful, while also possessing great dignity, a lively and noisy temperament. This makes their training possible only if approached with a lot of patience, respect, and a sense of humor. They don’t like loneliness and they easily become attached to people. These qualities make them a suitable pet and a worthy member of any family. If you give the Samoyed enough mental and physical exercise, along with clear leadership, you will enjoy the best of the breed.
Care and health:
Samoyeds may be prone to hip dysplasia or they may suffer from diabetes. They are also prone to skin allergies. Living in an apartment is OK for them given that you make sure they get their daily walk. Their beautiful fur, however, needs extensive grooming. Their thick coat needs to be brushed and combed two to three times a week and daily when shedding. If they are well taken care of, they can live up to 12-15 years.
If you want a loving and easygoing dog that gets along very well with all family members (including other pets), if you love cold weather and active life as much as they do, and if you are ready to receive the great unconditional love of this dog, get a Samoyed and you will never regret it!